​67  Interesting  Facts  about  Farming VISIT  RANDOM HISTORY (1-10)

1) Farming  began  around  10,000  B.C.  during  the  First  Agricultural  Revolution,  when  nomadic  tribes  began  to  farm.
Additionally,  this  is  when  the  eight  so-called  “founder  crops”  of  agriculture  appeared:

  1.  emmer  wheat,
  2.  einkorn wheat,
  3.  hulled  barley,
  4.  peas,
  5.  lentils,
  6.  bitter  vetch,
  7.  chick  peas,  and
  8.  flax.

2)  The  Industrial  Revolution  led  to  faster  and  more  efficient  farming  technology,  which  helped  usher  in  the  Second Agricultural  Revolution  from  1700  to  1900  in  developed  countries.  Many  less  developed  countries  are  still experiencing  the  Second  Agricultural  Revolution.

 

3)  The  Third  Agricultural  Revolution,  or  the  Green  Revolution,  corresponds  in  the  late  20th  century  with  the  exponential population  growth  occurring  around  the  world.  It  includes  biotechnology,  genetic  engineering,  chemical  fertilizers,  and mass  production  of  agricultural  goods.

4)  Subsistence  farmers  are  farmers  who  produce  the  food  they  need  to  survive  on  a  daily  basis.  They  are  farmers  who raise  enough  food  for  themselves  and  their  families.  The  food  is  not  intended  to  be  sold  in  a  market.

5)  Fruit  farming  began  sometime  between  6000  and  3000  B.C.  Figs  were  one  of  the  first  cultivated  fruit  crops.

 6)  Plows  were  invented  in  the  Middle  East  soon  after  agriculture  began.  The  earliest  plow,  called  an  ard,  was  probably made from  sharpened  tree  branches.  The  plow  has  been  cited  as  one  of  the  most  important  inventions  in  the advancement  of  society.

7)  The  Mesopotamians  built  the  first  simple  irrigation  system  around  7000  B.C.  The  earliest  large-scale  irrigation system  was  created  around  4000  B.C.  in  southern  Russia.  This  system  had  canals  up  to  10  feet  across  and  more  than a  mile  long.

8)  In  A.D.  644,  Arab  scientists  developed  a  windmill  to  pump  water  for  irrigation.  By  the  year  1000,  Arabs  introduced fertilizers  to  enrich  farm  soil.

9)  In  the  early  1900s,  Mary  Isabel  Fraser  visited  China and  brought  back  seeds  to  New  Zealand.  She  grew  the  first  crop of  kiwi  in  1910.  Today,  New  Zealand  produces  1/3  of  the  world’s  supply  of  kiwi.

10)  Bananas  are  the  number  one  fruit  crop  in  the  world.  They  are  the  4th  largest  overall crop,  after  wheat,  rice,  and  corn.  They  grow  in  more  than  100  countries  on  farms.  India grows  more  bananas  than  any  other  country.  The  Philippines,  China,  and  Ecuador  are  the next  three  top  producers  of  bananas.

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